Ancient history dating methods
After Herod’s death in 4 BCE, the Romans intervened again in order to split up the Herodian kingdom between three of Herod the Great’s sons.
Galilee in the north and Perea in the southeast were entrusted to Herod Antipas (c. 39 CE), whose reign (4 BCE - 39 CE) covered the entire life of Jesus.
The reason for this is that the early followers of Jesus’ teachings believed he was the Messiah.
The life of Jesus began in north and central Palestine, a region between the Dead Sea and the Jordan River in the east and the Eastern Mediterranean in the west.
Philip the Tetrarch was appointed ruler over northern Transjordania.
Herod Archelaus was made ruler of Samaria, Judea, and Idumea, and he exercised his power with tyranny and brutality; some of these abuses are recorded in the gospel of Matthew (2.20-23).
Instead of the BC/AD notation, modern scholarship has an alternative naming for the traditional dating: BCE “before the Common Era” and CE “Common Era”. He is also considered an important prophet in Muslim tradition and the precursor of Prophet Muhammad. It was customary among ancient Jews to have only one name and add either the father’s name or the name of their place of origin. 30 CE), also called Jesus son of Joseph, Jesus of Nazareth, Jesus of Galilee or simply “Christ”, was a Jewish religious leader who became a central figure in Christianity, regarded by most Christian branches as God himself.Many Jews hoped that the former glory of Israel would be restored by a newly anointed son of King David, and they used the Messiah title to refer to this restorer.Early Christian literature sometimes combined the name of Jesus and his title using them together as Jesus’ name: Jesus Christ or Christ Jesus.